Shared February 7, 2019
From building cities on Mars to the extinction of chocolate, these are 9 events that will happen before 2050.
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9. Colonization of Mars
No, we’re not talking about an upcoming sci-fi blockbuster – the colonization of Mars is a real possibility in the foreseeable future. Conditions on the surface of Mars are closer to the conditions on Earth in terms of temperature and sunlight than on any other planet or moon. However, the surface is not hospitable to humans or most known life forms due to the radiation, extremely low air pressure, and an atmosphere with only 0.1% oxygen. This means that human survival on Mars would require living in artificial environments with complex life-support measures. ( universe)
While NASA has said that the idea of making the surface of Mars habitable in the near future is not realistic, billionaire SpaceX owner Elon Musk disagrees. Musk is currently funding and developing a series of Mars-bound cargo flights set to launch as early as 2022, followed by the first crewed flight to Mars in 2024. During the first phase, the goal will be to launch several spacecrafts to transport and assemble a methane and oxygen propellant plant and build up a base in preparation for an expanded surface presence. It's all with an eye to the ultimate goal of getting humans to Mars by the 2030s. According to Musk, it could take anywhere between 40 and 100 years to ship enough people over to Mars to populate a city with one million inhabitant, so what do you say - would you want to be one of the first people to leave Earth and move to Mars? Let us know in the comment section below!
8. Technological singularity
The technological singularity is the hypothesis that the invention of artificial super-intelligence will trigger rampant technological growth, resulting in unimaginable changes to human civilization. According to this hypothesis, an upgradable intelligent agent, such as a computer running software-based artificial general intelligence, would enter a "runaway reaction" of self-improvement cycles, with each new and more intelligent generation appearing more and more rapidly, causing an intelligence explosion and resulting in a powerful super-intelligence that would ultimately surpass all human intelligence.
In the 2010s, prominent public figures such as late English theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking expressed concern that full artificial intelligence could result in human extinction. In March 2017 interview with The Times magazine, Hawking said that an AI apocalypse was impending and the creation of some form of world government would be necessary to control the technology. He also expressed his concern about the impact AI would have on middle-class jobs and even called for a complete ban on the development of AI agents for military use. In his book The Singularity Is Near, American futurist and director of engineering at Google Ray Kurzweil, predicts that by the year 2045, AI will have surpassed human beings as the smartest and most capable life forms on the planet and machines will have attained equal legal status with organic humans, who may even become a minority on Earth.
7. Nuclear fusion
In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei are combined to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles - neutrons or protons. Fusion was accomplished in 1951 with the Greenhouse Item nuclear test, while nuclear fusion on a large scale in an explosion was first carried out on November 1, 1952, in the Ivy Mike hydrogen test.
One of the biggest challenges of fusion energy has been sustaining the right amount of heat required to produce meaningful amounts of fusion power from plasma and no one has yet managed to build a commercial fusion reactor. However, a team of researchers from MTI has reported that, with adequate federal funding, a prototype nuclear fusion reactor could be tested within 30 to 40 years. Over the last few years, scientists at MIT and around the world have made significant progress toward developing ways to break up the tidal waves of heated plasma and reduce the escape of heat from charged gas. China has also made advances in planning for an experimental fusion power station called China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor that would start in 2020, while the European Union and Japan are currently building a powerful machine designed to harness the energy of fusion called JT-60SA. In other words, we are close to achieving a system of unlimited clear energy that could finally solve all global warming issues.